Isola delle Correnti is a very tiny islet close to Portopalo in the county of the beautiful Siracusa, you are there in the Southern Sicily,land of "Tonnare"the tuna fishing,hard job for the many Sicilian fishers who usual, for many years until today sail through the Canale di Sicilia( the Channel of Sicily),facing Tunisia in search of good fish to live a dignified life,hard work in constant contact with the sea,its pitfalls and risks.
In ancient time this coastline was an important cross point of commerce between Europe and North Africa,between the European Mediterranean culture and the Mediterranean Maghreb since the Norman rule in Sicily.Historically these waters were furrowed in the period of the Punic wars,the famous wars which had as protagonists Rome and Carthage in that time the two powers who fought to have the domain with the creation of an Empire.
Just 65,0 km from the wonderful and historic Siracusa,one of the most important and shining gems of the Greek colonisation in Sicily,a place where the sea always shimmers with beautiful colours under a warm sun,there is this small uninhabited island,once residence of the guardian of the ancient lighthouse which drove the boats,merchant ships and fishing vessels along the coast of the Southern of Ionian Sea.you are there in the most Southern point of Sicily and the capital of Tunisia,Tunis is northern than that islet.
The old "faro"the lighthouse is today in ruins,originally the construction was developed on a rectangular plan with a small square in front of of the house of the guardian and with a strong protective wall and in the middle the lighthouse.
Isola delle Correnti has that name since the ancient Roman Empire times,when it was called in Latin language Currentium Insula,(Island of the currents) the name was for the change of the marine currents,changing in a few of kilometers off of the coast,sometimes gently,sometimes in day of storms and bad weather, insidious,and the islet in the midst where the currents change according to the weather conditions from there the name of the island.
The islet is like an irregular circle,very low shores and it is only 4,0 m of altitude on the level of the sea,the strong power of the sea often modelled its shape,there is a a string of earth linking in periods of low tides the islet to the Ionic coast of Portopalo,forming a sort of tombolo.
Here is never very cold,In winter temperatures can drop around the minimum of 6-7 degrees in January, in spring season there are already temperatures that around the 25 º, 26º degrees the summers and the first autumn are very warm with temperatures with an average media over the 35º degrees,in the summer period anyway the evening and the nights are ventilated, with the Mediterranean breeze of the strait of Sicily which embraces the coasts of Siracusa and the Isola delle Correnti.
On this small island, which has a surface around the 10.000 sqm today there are only the old lighthouse totally in ruin,the most relevant aspect is that since the year 1987 the Region Sicily included the Isola delle Correnti in a plan of Natural Reserve for a very interesting presence of coastal vegetation with some rare example of psammophilus relict and biocenesis halophilic,
For the rest on the islet you can find small Mediterranean bushes,a few sea lilies and small plants of wild capers,plants of ruchetta marina,a kind of rucola grown in sandy areas similar to a small rocket,some scientists decided to explore the islet which some years ago started to host some species of insects very rare in the European continent.Another interesting aspect of the islet despite its very small size is the presence of different kind of clays of different colours such as yellow,another one with a tendency to the ochre colour and white too.
What more then attracts the attention are the seabed which is rich in some marine species of great interest for scientific research and for the exploration and diving lovers.Around this islet is very lovely to swim and to enjoy the magnificent crystalline waters of this corner of Sicily and another activity pretty loved by people
coming in this corner of Sicily is undoubtedly the surf thanks the excellent waves generated by those famous
This islet is also a point of stop of different species of migratory Birds of various species that stop on the islet eating those small plants that the Mediterranean small vegetation offers them before to reach the coasts of North Africa,it could be very interesting for the lovers of this fauna migratory.From the extreme northern tip of the islet for the photography lovers,there is also has a splendid view of the promontory of Capopassero and Portopalo, in the late afternoon at the sunset,it is a small paradise of lights and colours.
If you are planning a trip to Sicily, i suggest a visit to this area of this beautiful Siracusa coastline,a splendid sea,crystalline and clean waters and a beautiful view of the small Isola delle Correnti island a magnificent place to enjoy and admire where always the Sea shimmers in the Most Southern Point of Sicily.